Chronically high blood sugar from diabetes is associated with damage to the tiny blood vessels of the retina which can lead to Diabetic Retinopathy. These blood vessels can leak fluid or hemorrhage which then leads to distorted vision. In advanced stages new abnormal blood vessels increase in number on the retinal surface causing scaring and cell loss.
Diabetic Macular Edema is the build up of fluid in the macular region of the retina. The macula is responsible for your central vision, your most detailed vision.
The early stages of Diabetic Retinopathy have no symptoms. It will usually progress unnoticed until it affects vision which is why it is so important to have annual eye health checks if you are diabetic.
You may be required to have a prolonged course of anti inflammatory drops if you have diabetes and are having eye surgery.
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