Patients should see their optometrist for a comprehensive eye exam every year. Children should have regular testing to ensure the proper development of their vision and prevent any interference with academic achievements. Older adults are often at a higher risk for eye conditions such as glaucoma, macular degeneration and cataracts.
A regular eye exam is recommended even for patients with healthy eyes as it will provide the doctor with an ability to view the blood vessels within the eye. This information obtained during an eye examination enable physicians to detect chronic conditions such as high cholesterol, diabetes and high blood pressure. The early detection of these conditions provide the opportunity for early treatment.
An eye exam is different from a vision screening, which only tests vision and is commonly performed by a school nurse, pediatrician or other health care provider.
Only an eye optometrist or opthalmologist can perform a comprehensive eye exam to evaluate the overall health of the eye and detect any changes that may indicate an ocular disorder.
This is done through a series of eye tests that examine all aspects of the eye and may include:
- Visual field test
- Slit-lamp examination
- Cover test
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